The Population Census is a survey of the country’s population that has been carried out every 10 years since 1801. The Census covers millions of households as well as communal establishments, for example care homes. It includes British Citizens abroad on temporary postings with the armed forces, people sleeping rough, and visitors. It is a legal requirement that everyone be included in the Census. The last Census took place on 27th March 2011. The Office of National Statistics (ONS) is responsible for the Census in England and Wales.
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